Also made public a letter from the President of the Catholic Bishops
Bishop Fiorenza, to the Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem, Michel Sabbah.
1) Returning to the Path of Peace in the Middle East
U.S. Catholic Conference
November 15, 2000
We are shocked and saddened by the current disastrous events in the Middle East. In his November 7, 2000 letter to Bishop Joseph Fiorenza, President of the National Conference of Catholic Bishops, the Latin Patriarch Michel Sabbah described this ongoing tragedy: *Our people in the Holy Land are living gloomy days during which the dream of peace which seemed very close is now vanishing away. Violence, retaliation, fear, death, unemployment, the end of the peace process summarize our situation today.*
We are deeply disturbed by efforts of extremists, in the region and abroad, who incite and intensify religious conflict through inflammatory rhetoric, and anti-Semitic, anti-Muslim and anti-Christian acts. The Holy Land must be a symbol of peace, love and unity, not a source of religious hatred and violence.
Despite the events of the past six weeks, it is not naive or utopian to insist that the season of peace in the Middle East has not passed, that Palestinians and Israelis are not inevitably destined for yet more years of conflict. Reviving the peace process in the Middle East is not only possible, it is the only realistic way forward. Muslims, Jews and Christians, Palestinians and Israelis cannot separate themselves into walled enclaves; they must find ways to live together, as equals and in dignity. This is impossible amidst an escalating cycle of provocations, threats, violence, excessive force, and reprisals, all of which only compound injustice and inflame hatred and fear. The only acceptable option is an end to the violence, respect for the basic human rights of all, and a return to the path of peace.
While the peace process has led to significant progress in some areas, it cannot be denied that it has also created deep resentment about unfulfilled promises and unmet expectations. Nonetheless, as the Holy Father recently said, *Only a return to the negotiating table on an equal footing, with due respect for international law, is capable of disclosing a future of brotherhood and peace for those who live in this blessed land .* He continued, *[A]ll individuals [must] see their fundamental rights guaranteed: both the Israeli people and the Palestinian people are equally entitled to live in their own homeland in dignity and security* (Letter to the Latin Patriarch Michel Sabbah, November 6, 2000).
A just peace demands speedy implementation of relevant UN resolutions and other provisions of international law, and the establishment of an internationally-recognized Palestinian state. A just peace equally demands respect for Israel*s right to exist and flourish within secure borders. The future of the Middle East must be built on mutual respect, recognition and reconciliation, not hatred or exclusion or occupation. We urge the U.S. government to continue to work tirelessly to revive the peace process, and we pray that it will do so in a way that is truly balanced, does not acquiesce to unilateral actions which undermine negotiations, and that responds with respect to the legitimate claims and expectations of both parties.
Any peace settlement between Israelis and Palestinians must address the future of the Holy City of Jerusalem. During his historic visit to the Holy Land, our Holy Father witnessed to the universal religious significance of Jerusalem, calling for Jerusalem to be *a City of Peace for all peoples* (March 23, 2000). The Holy See believes the difficult issues of territory and sovereignty should be resolved by negotiations. It also has repeatedly urged *an internationally guaranteed statute for the most religious parts of this unique city* (Archbishop Jean-Louis Tauran, March 9, 1999). Such a statute would provide guarantees for equality of rights for all residents, freedom of religion for all, and free access to and protection of the Holy Places.
While attention is rightly focused on the conflict between the Israelis and Palestinians, a comprehensive Middle East peace must address the situation in Lebanon as well. We are dismayed by the deteriorating situation in some areas of that country, and we fully support the call of the Maronite Patriarch and bishops for an open national dialogue. We share with them a heightened concern over the flight of young people from the country. It is gravely troubling that, a decade after the close of the civil war, Lebanon is not yet a fully sovereign state. We call on the government of the United States to work energetically for the withdrawal of foreign troops from Lebanon, and for respect for its sovereignty, territorial integrity, and political independence.
In the pursuit of a just peace for all in the region, the Christian presence in the Holy Land must not be forgotten. We fear that the continuing fighting and growing despair about the future will further marginalize the Christian community and will accelerate the departure of Christians from the Holy Land. These endangered Christian communities in the Holy Land merit, in a special way, the support and solidarity of Christians around the world.
We join our Conference president, Bishop Joseph Fiorenza, in asking the faithful to pray from the beginning of Advent to Epiphany for a genuine peace in the Holy Land, and in recommending voluntary fasting and abstinence on Fridays during the same period, in accord with our call in The Challenge of Peace (1983).
With our Holy Father and our brothers and sisters in the Holy Land, we pray for the peace of Jerusalem, and we ask Jews, Christians, and Muslims to join us in beseeching God Most High that by his grace "justice and peace may embrace" (Ps. 85) in the sacred land we all love. What people cannot do by themselves, God in his mercy can surely bring to fruition.
2) Letter from Bishop Fiorenza
November 13, 2000
His Beatitude Michel Sabbah
Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem
It is with much sorrow that we, your brothers in the United States, have watched the violence which unfolded these last six weeks in the Holy Land. We mourn for those who have lost their lives, including so many children and youth. We are distressed by so many injured, who must live their the rest of their lives maimed and disabled. We worry about all those whose daily lives have been thrown into disarray by the current violence.
We are also profoundly troubled by the lost opportunities for a just peace, the continued occupation of the Palestinian homeland, and the deferral of the right of the Palestinian people to enjoy a state of their own.
To show our solidarity, I am asking the bishops of the United States at their annual General Assembly to join with me in asking the faithful in the United States to pray from the beginning of Advent until Epiphany for a peace in the Holy Land that reflects the equal right of the Palestinian people and Israeli people, in the words of the Holy Father, *to live in their own home in dignity and security.*
In the same spirit, I am likewise asking the bishops to renew their call in The Challenge of Peace (1983) for voluntary fasting and abstinence each Friday during the same period with special reference to the Middle East. By prayer and fasting, we demonstrate the solidarity of the Catholics of the United States with the Christians of the Holy Land, and especially those of Bethlehem, Beit Sahour and Beit Jala, who have endured exceptional suffering during these past weeks.
As the Jubilee year comes to an end, it is fitting that we commend you for standing for peace in the face of violence, for basic rights in the face of injustice, and for the equal dignity of all persons, regardless of their religious or national identity, in the face of sectarian extremism. Catholics in the United States stand in solidarity with you and all our brothers and sisters who seek to witness to the gospel, in the most trying circumstances, in the land of the Bible. Their vocation has been a difficult one and we want to express our admiration, gratitude and attachment to them as we mark together the second millennium of Jesus' birth. Their faithful witness will help bring about what our Holy Father envisioned during his historic pilgrimage earlier this year: *If the various religious communities in the Holy City and in the Holy Land succeed in living and working together in friendship and harmony, this will be of enormous benefit not only to themselves but to the whole cause of peace in this region. Jerusalem will truly be a City of Peace for all peoples.*
Please express to the Assembly of Catholic Bishops, to the Patriarchs and Heads of Christian Communities in Jerusalem, to the clergy and especially to the Christian people of the Holy Land our profoundest sentiments of solidarity and support in this trying time. This Jubilee Christmas may Jesus, the Desire of Nations, grant you lasting peace in your land. May the Prince of Peace fill your hearts with "the peace that surpasses all understanding."
Fraternally yours in Christ,
Most Reverend Joseph A. Fiorenza
Bishop of Galveston-Houston
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