Message to the Israeli and Jewish Public
            March 2000

 We, the undersigned Palestinian intellectuals, address to the  Israeli and
Jewish public this message clarifying our point of view on the current
peace process. We are concerned that
what is being contrived is not peace, but the seeds of future wars. The
majority of Palestinians, including the undersigned, believed that the time
was ripe for concluding with the Israelis a historic agreement that would
allow us to live together finally in peace in one land, despite the
injustice, suffering and dispossession inflicted on us over the decades by
the Israeli side.

 The majority of Palestinians believed that peace would be based on two
principles: justice and the requirements of a common future. What we are
witnessing in reality is far from
 these principles. One side believes the present balance of power to be in
its favour, and that it can impose a humiliating agreement on the other
side, forcing it to accept virtually
 anything it chooses to enforce. The historic settlement is becoming a
settlement between Israelis themselves, not a settlement with the
Palestinians. It is a settlement that
 suffocates the Palestinians humanly, territorially, security-wise and
politically: humanly, because it does not recognize their human and
historical rights; territorially, because it isolates them within confined
areas in towns and villages while progressively confiscating their land;
security-wise because it places Israeli security in principle over and
above Palestinian  rights, existence and security; politically, because it
prevents Palestinians from determining their future and controlling their

 We believe we express the deepest convictions of our people when we openly
confront you with these realities. You will have to choose between a
settlement that is imposed by a balance of forces overwhelmingly favouring
your government and your military, and on that is just, which will favour
both Israelis and Palestinians, and which will provide the basis for
long-term coexistence on the same land. We are placing the choice in your

 We state, in all clarity, that we see only two solutions for a just
settlement of the Palestine question. The first solution is based on the
establishment of a Palestinian state, with complete sovereignty over the
lands occupied by Israel in 1967 and Jerusalem as its capital, the right of
return for Palestinian refugees, and the recognition by Israel of the
historic injustice inflicted on the Palestinian people. The Palestinian
state will be established on the principles of democracy and human values
adopted by the Palestinian Declaration of Independence in 1988.

 The second solution is the establishment of one democratic bi-national
state for the two peoples on the historic land of Palestine.

 It is clear that the Palestinian negotiator, whose hands are tied by the
overwhelming balance of power working against him, may be coerced into
accepting a humiliating and degrading settlement that will lead to neither
of these two solutions. History abounds with examples of nations that were
coerced into settlements they did not support and which ended in
catastrophe for all parties.

 We address this message, first and foremost, to those Israelis who believe
in the values of justice and equity, and to all those who aspire for peace
the world over. We want to tell them that the settlement the Israeli
leadership is seeking to impose on the Palestinian negotiator could not be
a settlement with the Palestinian people. It will be a fragile settlement
bearing within it the seeds of its own destruction. We will neither support
nor accept it.

 We extend our hand to you to make a real and just peace, not the
militarist peace of coercion, the generals peace.

 Signatories to the Message addressed to the Israeli and Jewish Public
Opinion (Alphabetical order)

 Abdel Rahman Abu Gharbia, President, Arab Thought Forum, Palestine
 Abdulla Mutawi, Centre for Economic & Social Rights, UK
 Ahmad Benani, International Observatory for Palestinian Affairs, Lausanne,
 Ahmad Khalifa, Editor, Institute of Palestine Studies Journal, Oxford
 Ahmed Daoud, Journalist, Palestine
 Ahmed Jaber, Beirzeit University, Palestine
 Amal Ashrawi, Legal assistant, USA
 Anita Grossmann-Abdullah, Institute of Community and Public Health,
University of Birzeit
 Atallah Said, Vice Chair of the Association of the Palestinian Community, UK
 Ayub Mustafa, Center for Palestine Research and Studies-CPRS, Nablus, Palestine
 Azmi Shuaibi, PLC member, Palestine
 Baker Abdel Munem, Ph.D.(Engineering), Ph.D.(Economics and Political
Science), Canada
 Bassam Al Salhi, Friends School, Palestine
 Bassim Al-Zubaidi, Lecturer, University of al-Najah, West Bank

 Bilal Al-Hassan, Journalist and commentator, Editor of Al-Hayat Newspaper, UK
 Bishara Dowmani, Associate professor, Berkeley, USA
 Camille Mansour, Director, Institute of Law, Birzeit University, Palestine
 Eileen Kuttab, Director, Institute of Women Studies, Birzeit University,
 Eleine (Musallem) Hagobian, Professor Emeritus of Sociology, Simons
College, Boston, USA
 Fadwa al-Labadi, Lecturer, University of Birzeit, Palestine
 Faisal Darraj, Literary critic, Syria.
 Faoz Khalifa, Professional, Palestine
 Fawzi Asmar, Writer and journalist, USA
 Fouad Mughrabi, Professor, USA
 Ghada al-Karmi, Writer,UK
 Gazi Al-khalili, Writer & journalist, Palestine
 George Abed, Economist, USA
 George Giacaman, Professor, Birzeit University, Palestine
 George Sahhar, Professional, Palestine
 Ghassan Abdullah, Information Analyst, Institute of Law, Birzeit
University, Palestine
 Ghassan Abu Sitta, Centre for Economic & Social Rights, UK
 Ghassan Faramand, Professor of law, University of Birzeit, Palestine
 Gibreel Muhammed, Researcher, Palestine
 Hadeel Rizq al-Qazzaz, Researcher, Palestine
 Haidar Abd Al-Shafi, Head of Palestinian Delegation at Madrid Conference
 Hanan Ashrawi, PLC member, and secretary-general of Miftah
 Hani Alhouroub, Journalist, Palestine
 Hani Al-Masri, Journalist, Palestine
 Hassan Ladadwa, Researcher at Palestine Economic Policy
 Research Institute-MAS, Palestine
 Hassan Khader, Writer and journalist, Al-Ayyam newspaper, Palestine
 Hisham Sharabi, Georgetown University, Washington DC, USA
 Ibrahim Muhawi, Lecturer, Edinburgh University, UK
 Islah Jad, Women Studies Institute, Birzeit University, PhD candidate,
SOAS, London
 Isma.eel Nashif, University Professor, Birzeit University, Palestine
 Issam Manasreh, Professional, Palestine
 Issam Nassar, Researcher, Institute of Jerusalem Studies, Jerusalem,
Al-Quds University lecturer
 Izzat Abdelhadi, Director, Bisan Centre for Research and Development, Ramallah
 Izzat Darwaza, Senior Lecturer, University of Manchester IST, UK
 Ja.far Khawaja, Professional, Palestine
 Jamal Zakkout, Journalist and activist, Gaza
 Jamey Al-Qaruoni, Writer, Palestine
 Jamil Hilal, Writer and researcher, PNC member, Palestine
 Jamil Toubbeh, Professional, USA
 Jawad Ibrahim, Aritist (plastic art), Palestine
 Jawdat Abu-El-Haj, Professor of sociology at the Federal University of
Ceara, Brazil
 K. Husseni, Lecturer, Warwick University, UK
 Kamal Boullata, Visual Artist, France
 Kamal El-Sharafi, PLC member, Palestine
 Khaled Hourani, Aritist (plastic art), Palestine
 Khalil E. Jahshan, President, NAAA-ADC, USA
 Khalil Hindi, Professor of Engineering Systems, Brunel University, England
 Khalil Mahshi, Educationalist & Director General in Ministry of Education,
 Lena Jayyussi, Senior Research Fellow, Muwatin-Palestinian
 Institute for the Study of Democracy
 Liza Taraki, University Professor, Birzeit University, Palestine
 Magdi al-Maliki, Head of Sociology Department, Birzeit University, Palestine.
 Mahmud Shukair, Novelist, Palestine
 Mamdouh Nofal, Writer & Journalist & member of PCC, Palestine.
 Manuel Hassassian, Executive Vice-President, Bethlehem University, Pa
 Smmed Hallaj, University lecturer, Palestine
 Muhammed Sulaiman, Writer, Palestine
 Muhammend Ali Khalidi, University Lecturer, Lebanon
 Muhammend Al-Msawalma, Film Director, Palestine
 Muhannad Abd Al-Hameed, Journalist, Palestine
 Muna Abdullahad, Middle East Broadcasting Center, UK
 Muna Tamimi, Lecturer, Birzeit University, Palestine
 Muneer al-Qazzaz, Lecturer, Birzeit University, Palestine
 Mustapha Karkouti, President of the Foreign Journalists Association, UK
 Muntasir Al-Gabir, MD, Nablus, Palestine
 Nabeel Anani, Art painter, Palestine
 Nadhmi al-Juba, Lecturer, University of Birzeit, Palestine
 Nadim Nahhas, Journalist, UK
 Naseer Aruri, Professor Emeritus, University of Massachusetts, USA
 Nawaf Al-Tamimi, Journalist, UK
 Nimir Sarhan, Writer, Palestine
 Nizar Sakhnini, NECEF, Canada
 Omar Al-Qattan, Film maker, UK
 Jamey Nassar, Chair of Political Science Department, Illinois State Department
 Raja Bahloul, Lecturer, Birzeit University, Palestine
 Raji Sourani, Director, Palestinian Center of Human Rights. Palestine
 Rami Bathish, Miftah, Palestine
 Randa Nassir, Professor, Birzeit University, Palestine
 Rima Hammami, Professor, Birzeit University, Palestine
 Rimone Kare', Consultant engineer, UK
 Rudaina Hamouri, Tutor, UK
 Sa.da Al-khateeb, Professional, Palestine
 Salah Hania, Miftah, Jerusalem, Palestine
 Saleh Abdel Jawad , Lecturer, Birzeit University
 Salim Tamari, Director, Institute of Jerusalem Studies, Jerusalem, Birzeit
University lecturer
 Samih Farsoun, Professor, American University, Washington DC, USA
 Samir Abdullah, Chief Executive, PalTrade, Palestine
 Samir Awad, Ph.D Candidate, USA
 Sharif Nashashibi, Journalist, UK
 Shukri Nabulsi, Engineer, Jordan
 Suha Masoud, Artist, UK
 Suhair Azzouni, General Director, Women's Affairs Technical Committee,
 Sulaiman Mansour, Art painter, Jerusalem, Palestine
 Tahir Al-Masri, Researcher, Center for Palestine Research and
Studies-CPRS, Nablus, Palestine Harb, University of Birzeit, Palestine
 Talal Als'adi , Project manager, Nortel Networks
 Talib Awad, Researcher, Palestine
 Tawfeeq Abu Baker, Journalist and columnist, Jordan
 Taysir Barakat, Art painter, Ziryab Gallery, Palestine
 Wael Gharbiya, Professional, Canada
 Yasir Shalabi, Researcher, Palestine Economic Policy Research
Institute-MAS, Palestine
 Yusif Abu Samra, Professor, Birzeit University, Palestine
 Yusif Daoud, Professor, Birzeit University, Palestine
 Zahi Damuni, Professor, USA.
 Zahira Kamal, Technical Women.s Committee, Ramallah
 Zakaria Muhammed, Editor of Al-Karmel, poet and journalist
 Ziad Abu-Amr, PLC member, Palestine
 Zuhair Sabagh, University Professor, Birzeit University, Palestine