June 7, 2001

The Honorable Colin Powell
Secretary of State
United States Department of State

Dear Mr. Secretary:

    We are grateful that you have given us this opportunity to meet with you
and are mindful of the additional heads of U.S. churches who joined us in
signing this letter.  We come with thanks for the wise and strong leadership
you are giving to our government's State Department.  We come with support
for your effort to end the Israeli-Palestinian cycle of violence and rebuild
the trust and mutual confidence that are critical for a negotiated settlement.

    There is no higher priority for peacemaking in the world today than that
between Israel and the Palestinians.  This long and tragic conflict is a
cancer that threatens the health of the whole region, U.S. relations with
Arab and Muslim countries, and interfaith relations worldwide. We,
particularly those of us who have precious partnerships with our sister
churches in the Holy Land, offer our prayers and encouragement to our
government in this crucial work.

    Along with many others, we are deeply concerned that the peace process
has broken down so violently and tragically between the government of Israel
and the Palestinian leadership.  The sobering current reality compels us to
take a higher profile in advocacy of U.S. policies conducive to peace.

    Few things have done more to destroy the hope and pursuit of peace
through negotiations than Israel's unrelenting settlement activity.  Over
these recent years, we have heard from our Palestinian Christian partners,
and seen for ourselves, the destructive impact of Israel's settlement policy
-- separating village from village, confiscating more and more Palestinian
land, creating friction with its military checkpoints.  For over twenty years
our churches have appealed to the U.S. government to require Israel to cease
this transfer of its civilian population into occupied territory, a clear
violation of international law and United Nations resolutions.  Each
administration has spoken in opposition to the settlement activity, only to
watch the settlements increase and expand as Israel ignores the advice.

    It is time for the United States to do what it must to bring Israel's
settlement activity to an end.  We urge you to make clear to Israel and the
Palestinians that the United States is committed to a negotiated end of
Israel's military occupation of the Gaza Strip, the West Bank and East
Jerusalem as called for in U.N.S.C. Res. 242 and that an immediate freezing
by Israel of its settlement activity including "natural growth" is
imperative.  It will likely require considerable diplomatic pressure, and
possibly economic pressure as well, to convince the government of Israel to
recognize that this is a major policy concern of the United States.

    Breaking the cycle of violence is fundamental to restarting the peace
process and rebuilding the hope and will for peace.  While we condemn the
violent words and actions of Palestinians, we understand the rage that comes
from decades of occupation, dislocation and the feeling of having been
betrayed by the peace process.  We appeal to the Palestinians, as have you,
to abandon violence as a means to end the occupation.

    We understand as well Israel's quest for security for the state and its
people, but condemn the disproportionately violent and destructive means it
is using.   Israel's practice of assassination and the economic strangulation
of the fledgling Palestinian state are counterproductive to either security
or peace.  We hope that Israel is responsive to your appeal that it lift the
siege of Palestinian towns and pay the taxes owed to the Palestinian
Authority.  We call upon Israel to abandon military force and return to
negotiations as the path to security.

    A delegation of church leaders on a December pastoral visit saw the
destruction wrought by Israel's military might on the homes and livelihood of
the Christian towns of Bethlehem, Beit Jala and Beit Sahour.  The delegation
urged that the United States suspend the current sales of attack helicopters
to Israel pending investigation of their use against civilian targets as well
as assurances that they will be used in conformity with United States law
covering "end-use" in our weapons sales.  We ask you to place a hold on any
pending delivery of attack helicopters or fighter jets to Israel and to
reconsider the promise made by the Clinton Administration that the United
States will increase military aid to Israel for each of the next eight years.
While we recognize that it has been U.S. policy to support Israel militarily
in order to insure its security and to encourage it to move forward with
confidence in negotiations, the use of F-16 fighter jets against civilian
populations is unacceptable and must be challenged by the U.S. government.
Like the U.S. effort to stop settlement activity, stopping the use of these
heavy weapons against civilians will require considerable diplomatic pressure
and possibly economic pressure.

    Although our concern extends to each person suffering from this
conflict, we are extremely worried about our Palestinian Christian brothers
and sisters. Facing daily threats from violence and economic deprivation and
lacking hope for peace and a viable Palestinian state, many feel the pressure
to emigrate.  The demise of the living Christian community from the
birthplace of the Christian religion would certainly be an irreparable
tragedy for the Middle East and the Christian community internationally.  For
their sake, and for the sake of all, we seek a restoration of hope for a
negotiated sharing of the Holy Land and the city of Jerusalem, holy to Jews,
Christians and Muslims.  We tremble to consider the destructive consequences
that would follow the premature moving, as called for by Congress, of the
U.S. embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem.

    We have heard the cries of fear and mourning of Palestinian Christians
and Muslims and of Israeli Jews and pray for their healing and the
reconciliation of the Abrahamic family.  Be assured of our prayers for you
and the President and all others in the Administration as you seek to forge a
fair and just policy for the two peoples and three faiths who share a common
religious heritage in the land we hold as holy.

Sincerely Yours,

The Most Rev. Frank T. Griswold
Presiding Bishop and Primate
The Episcopal Church

Bishop Vicken Aykazian
Diocesan Legate and Ecumenical Officer
The Armenian Orthodox Church

The Very Rev. Brother Stephen Michael Glodek, S.M.
Catholic Conference of Major Superiors of Mens' Institutes

The Rev. John L. McCullough
Executive Director
Church World Service

Bishop Donald J. McCoid
Southwestern Pennsylvania Synod
Chair, Conference of Bishops of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America

Bishop Dimitrios of Xanthos
Ecumenical Officer
The Rev. Alexander Karloutsos
Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America

Bishop William B. Oden
Immediate Past President
The Council of Bishops
The United Methodist Church

The following heads of churches and faith-based organizations join the
delegation in this expression of concern and appeal to Secretary of State
Colin Powell:

Bishop McKinley Young
Presiding Bishop, 10th Episcopal District
African Methodist Episcopal Church

The Rev. Dr. Robert H. Roberts
Interim General Secretary
American Baptist Churches USA

Mary Ellen McNish
General Secretary
American Friends Service Committee

Metropolitan PHILIP, Primate
Antiochian Orthodox Christian
Archdiocese of North America

The Rev. Dr. Richard L. Hamm
General Minister and President
Christian Church (Disciples of Christ) in the United States and Canada

The Rev. Judy Mills Reimer
Executive Director
Church of the Brethren General Board

The Rev. H. George Anderson
Presiding Bishop
The Evangelical Lutheran Church in America

Michael E. Livingston
Executive Director
International Council of Community Churches

The Rev. Dr. Seung Koo Choi
General Secretary of Korean Presbyterian Church in America

Dr. Ron J. R. Mathies
Executive Director
Mennonite Central Committee

The Rev. R. Burke Johnson
Moravian Church - Northern Province

The Rev. Dr. Bob Edgar
General Secretary
National Council of the Churches of Christ in the USA

The Rev. Clifton Kirkpatrick
Stated Clerk
Presbyterian Church (USA)

The Rev. Wesley Granberg-Michaelson
General Secretary
Reformed Church in America

Archbishop Cyril Aphrem Karim
Archdiocese of the Syrian Orthodox Church of Antioch for the Eastern USA

The Rev. John Buehrens
Unitarian Universalist Association

The Rev. John H. Thomas
General Minister and President
United Church of Christ

Bishop Melvin G. Talbert
Ecumenical Officer
Council of Bishops
The United Methodist Church